SA(VIII)                      6/1/74                     SA(VIII)

     sa - Shell accounting

     sa [ -abcjlnrstuv ] [ file ]

     When  a  user logs in, if the Shell is able to open the file
     /usr/adm/sha, then  as  each  command  completes  the  Shell
     writes  at the end of this file the name of the command, the
     user, system, and real time consumed, and the user  ID.   Sa
     reports on, cleans up, and generally maintains this and oth-
     er accounting files.  To turn accounting on and off, the ac-
     counting file must be created or destroyed externally.

     Sa  is able to condense the information in /usr/adm/sha into
     a summary file /usr/adm/sht which contains a  count  of  the
     number  of  times  each  command was called and the time re-
     sources consumed.  This condensation is desirable because on
     a large system sha can grow by 100 blocks per day.  The sum-
     mary file is read before the accounting file, so the reports
     include all available information.

     If a file name is given as the last argument, that file will
     be treated as the  accounting  file;  sha  is  the  default.
     There are zillions of options:

     a  Place all command names containing unprintable characters
        and those used only once under the name ``***other.''

     b  Sort output by sum of user and  system  time  divided  by
        number of calls.  Default sort is by sum of user and sys-
        tem times.

     c  Besides total user, system, and real time for  each  com-
        mand print percentage of total time over all commands.

     j  Instead  of  total  minutes  time for each category, give
        seconds per call.

     l  Separate system and user time;  normally  they  are  com-

     n  Sort by number of calls.

     r  Reverse order of sort.

     s  Merge accounting file into summary file /usr/adm/sht when

     t  For each command report ratio of real time to the sum  of
        user and system times.

     u  Superseding  all  other  flags, print for each command in

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SA(VIII)                      6/1/74                     SA(VIII)

        the accounting file the day of the year, time, day of the
        week, user ID and command name.

     v  If the next character is a digit n, then type the name of
        each command used n times or fewer.  Await a  reply  from
        the  typewriter; if it begins with ``y'', add the command
        to the category ``**junk**.''  This is used to strip  out

     /usr/adm/sha    accounting
     /usr/adm/sht    summary



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